Chemotherapy drugs are medicines used to treat cancer. These drugs either kill or prevent the growth and division of cancer cells. Chemotherapy treatment may be given before or after surgery, or to boost radiotherapy. In advanced cancer, chemotherapy is used to stop and slow down the spread of cancer.
How you prepare for chemotherapy depends on which drugs you'll receive and how they'll be administered. Your doctor will give you specific instructions to prepare for your chemotherapy treatments. You may need to:
It is recommended that you eat lightly on your chemotherapy day. Eating small portions slowly and every few hours seem to work best. Avoid skipping meals on these days and eating fatty, greasy or spicy foods.
What Do I eat before going to chemotherapy?
During chemotherapy take a small, bland snack with you. You can try the above foods as well as snack on low acid juices (apple, grape, and fruit nectars), liquid yogurts, fruits such as bananas, and crackers. Bring a water bottle and fill it with your favorite beverage (avoid acidic foods which may be irritating to your digestive tract).
Juices and supplements as Ensure or Boost are usually available where you are receiving chemotherapy; however ask in advance if these and any other foods are available. If you don’t feel like eating during the infusion that is ok, but remember that you may feel better with eating small amounts of bland food and liquids. Drink small amounts every ½ hour as tolerated.
Take your anti-nausea medication as prescribed by your medical team.
After receiving chemotherapy, you and your caregivers need to take special care to prevent contact with your body fluids. These fluids include urine, stools, sweat, mucus, blood, vomit, and those from sex.
The length of time that you and your caregivers need to follow these guidelines might differ depending on the policy where you receive treatment and the drugs that you receive. Your doctor or nurse will tell you how long you and your caregivers need to practice these safety measures