The incidence of brain tumors in India ranges from 5 to 10 per 100,000 population with an increasing trend and accounts for 2% of malignancies.
A brain tumor is a mass, or lump in the brain which is caused when brain cells divide and grow in an uncontrolled way. These brain cells grow and divide differently from healthy cells, forming a high-grade (cancerous) or a low-grade (benign) tumor. The space in our skull is restricted. Therefore, this extra growth inside our brain causes more pressure inside the skull, causing life-threatening complications, and also damaging our brain.
There are over 130 different primary brain and spinal tumors which are grouped and named according to the type of cell they grow from, their location in the brain, and how quickly they are likely to grow and spread.
The exact cause of brain cancer is unknown. However, brain tumor doctors have identified factors that can increase your risk of brain cancer include exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation and a family history of brain cancer.
Risk factors for brain tumors include:
Brain tumor cancer specialists in Delhi have identified some symptoms of the tumors vary according to the type of tumor and the location. Because different areas of the brain control different functions of the body, where the tumor lies affect the way symptoms are manifested. However, some brain tumor specialists agree that it is possible for tumors to have no symptoms until they are quite large and then cause a serious, rapid decline in health. Other tumors may have symptoms that develop slowly.
Some of the most common symptoms are:
If the doctor notices one or more symptoms in a patient, he/she may suggest series of tests to diagnose suspected brain tumors.
Treatment for a brain tumor is decided based on the type, size, and location of the tumor, as well as the patient's overall health. Treatment of brain tumors may include surgery, radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Targeted Drug Therapy, and radiosurgery.
Follow-up may include regular physical examinations with a brain tumor cancer specialist, medical tests, or both. Doctors want to keep track of recovery in the months and years ahead. Many brain tumors are very likely to recur or come back, so you should be routinely monitored for new symptoms and with regular MRI scans. How often you schedule follow-up visits and have scans depends on the type of the tumor and other factors, so your doctors will talk with you about your exact schedule.